Jute has traditionally been used for packaging, specially sacks. However, the fabric has shown its sheer versatility in modern times, with a range of unique physical attributes that have opened up new avenues for diversification, especially in the light of global concerns for the environment. Jute Geotextiles (JGT) are one aspect of Jute diversification which has proved to be highly effective in addressing soil-related problems in the field of civil engineering.
When they are put to the rest, JGT are very similar in function to the man-made synthetic Geotextiles - which are made from various petro-chemical derivatives. Like synthetics Geotextiles, Jute is used in separation, filtration, drainage and initial reinforcement.
Under these conditions, the biodegradability of JGT helps in the quick regrowth of displaced vegetation by coalescing with the soil, increasing its permeability, retaining the appropriate humidity as "mulch" and creating a micro-climate that is conducive to vegetative growth. Around the world JGT has been lauded as the most acclaimed natural fabric that provides biotechnical solutions to soil made vulnerable by exposure.
Biodegradability is considered by some experts to be a disadvantage. It should be kept in mind, however, that all Geotextile act as catalysts in the process of improving the engineering properties of soil. An effective life span of two season-cycles is sufficient for natural consolidation of the soil, forming a consolidated layer known as "filter cake". This has been verified by rigorous laboratory tests by leading reseachers and also by extensive field trials. Biodegradability of JGT is, therefore, not a discouraging factor.
Jute has traditionally been used for packaging, specially sacks. Its unique physical attributes have opened up new avenues for diversification, especially in the light of global concerns for the environment.